History Tea plant cultivation began about 4, years ago in its native country, China. The Japanese did not discover the plant until the 8th century A. For instance, green tea is drunk by people with Type 2 diabetes because compounds in green tea help the processing of sugars in the body.
Tea may also help reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes, protecting against cardiovascular and degenerative diseases. The clotting of blood formed by high cholesterol and blood platelets results in heart attacks and strokes, but drinking tea may help keep your arteries clog-free of blood Better Essays words 4. Big data is described as diverse, high-volume, high-velocity information assets that require new forms of processing to enable enhanced decision making, insight discovery, and process optimization, Gartner Research: www. Better Essays words 2. The drinking of tea became highly structured recreation centered on such aesthetic and philosophical concepts as wabi austere beauty and sabi tranquility Better Essays words 3.
For centuries, all tea was green tea. Green tea is simply the leaves of the camellia sinensis plant placed to steep in hot water.
The leaves had not undergone any of the oxidation process of tea leaves today, so it was tea in its most natural form. This version of green tea is still enjoyed around the world today as are many other versions of the same tea leaf Polyphenols are well studied in terms of antioxidant in tea, it is abundant in the form of catechins. Graham, It gained more popularity when it was introduced to other Asian countries like Japan, Korea and Vietnam. It acquired control of Bengal on the Indian subcontinent in , and, as the company was an agent of British imperialism, its shareholders were able to influence British policy there.
This eventually led to government intervention. The Regulating Act and the India Act established government control of political policy.
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It lost that role after the Indian Mutiny The company commonly referred to as the East India Company was incorporated in and ceased to exist as a legal entity in During its existence it was known by a few other names as well: its formal name from to was Governor and Company of Merchants of London Trading into the East Indies, and from to it was United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies. The company was formed to share in the East Indian spice trade. That trade had been a monopoly of Spain and Portugal until the defeat of the Spanish Armada by England gave the English the chance to break the monopoly.
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Until the company conducted separate voyages, separately subscribed. There were temporary joint stocks until , when a permanent joint stock was raised. The company settled down to a trade in cotton and silk piece goods, indigo , and saltpetre, with spices from South India. Beginning in the early s, the East India Company began using slave labour and transporting enslaved people to its facilities in Southeast Asia and India as well as to the island of St.
Helena in the Atlantic Ocean , west of Angola. Large-scale transportation of slaves by the company was prevalent from the s to the early s and ended in the s.
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After the midth century the cotton-goods trade declined, while tea became an important import from China. Beginning in the early 19th century, the company financed the tea trade with illegal opium exports to China. Chinese opposition to that trade precipitated the first Opium War —42 , which resulted in a Chinese defeat and the expansion of British trading privileges; a second conflict, often called the Arrow War —60 , brought increased trading rights for Europeans. The original company faced opposition to its monopoly, which led to the establishment of a rival company and the fusion of the two as the United Company of Merchants of England trading to the East Indies.
The United Company was organized into a court of 24 directors who worked through committees. They were elected annually by the Court of Proprietors, or shareholders. That arrangement led to government intervention. The act adversely affected the commodities business of the complainant states and has since been repealed after WTO ruled the act to be illegal. Furthermore, the Indian government took cognizance of the changed tea and coffee market and set up an Inter-Ministerial Committee IMC to look into their problems in late The IMC has recommended that the government share the financial burden of plantation industry on account of welfare measures envisaged for plantation workers mandated under the Plantation Labour Act Moreover, IMC has recommended to introduce means so that the agricultural income tax levied by the state governments can be slashed and the tea industry be made competitive.
In addition to these measures, the Tea Board plans to launch a new marketing initiative, which will include foray into new markets such as Iran , Pakistan , Vietnam and Egypt.
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Noteworthy is its intent to double tea exports to Pakistan within a year. A GI stamp identifies a certain product as emanating from the territory of a WTO member or region or locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin. In the same year, Tata Tea entered into an agreement to take over Jemca, which controls a 26 percent market share in the Czech Republic. The CCEA gave its approval for pegging the subsidy at 25 per cent and adoption of a funding pattern of 25 per cent promoter's contribution, 25 per cent subsidy from the government and 50 per cent loan from the SPTF.
Banks have also been instructed to increase the lending period to over 13 years. Beginning in , the Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry has been actively promoting the sale of tea in the country's top five export markets for that product: Egypt, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and the United States. By and large, the system has subsequently been successful in increasing the productivity of tea garden workers as they save on daylight by finishing the work during daytime, and vice versa.
Working time for tea labourers in the gardens is generally between 9 a. IST 8 a. IST 4 p. It may vary slightly from garden to garden.
Noted film maker Jahnu Barua has been campaigning for a separate time zone for the north-east region. Sagina Mahato , a Bengali film, directed by Tapan Sinha , deals with labour rights in the tea plantations in the Northeast during the British Raj. The film is based on real-life incidents that took place before independence in the s, especially in southern tea estates.
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